Edinburgh, 01 Aug 2021 :
This virus remains a challenge for two-month-old babies. Although this infection usually occurs in the winter season, this disease is now taking children in its grip even in the summer season. Why this is so, remains a question even for doctors. The saddest aspect of this is that every year about 35 lakh children suffering from this disease are hospitalized, out of which about 5 percent of children die.
Cases of children suffering severe respiratory infections are increasing in UK hospitals. This includes an infection called respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and this virus was also seen in two-month-old babies.
This has led to an increasing number of children being hospitalized for diseases such as bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the lungs (bronchiolitis). Why is RSV, commonly considered a winter disease, increasing in the summer?
RSV is a common respiratory germ and almost all of us are infected by it by the age of two. Most people have mild symptoms of this disease – cold, runny nose, and cough. These symptoms usually go away without treatment in a week or two. About one in three children can develop bronchiolitis from RSV.
This causes swelling in the windpipe, the temperature of the patients rises and there is difficulty in breathing. Sometimes it becomes a very serious disease. If a young person develops severe breathing difficulties, these symptoms can be severe, causing temperatures to exceed 38 Celsius, blue lips, and breathing difficulties.
Children may refuse to eat due to illness and may not pass urine for a long time. One-month-old babies need to be admitted to the hospital due to their small breathing tubes. Most cases can be controlled, but sometimes bronchiolitis becomes life-threatening. About 3.5 million children are hospitalized every year and about 5 percent of these children die.